Serra de Tramuntana was declared nature area (paratge natural) by the Balearic Government on 2007. Later, in 2011, it became one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites. These honours are a sign of the importance of the species, communities and habitats that are found here.
About 400 species are included at the Flora Catalogue of the Muntanya del Voltor. 18% are endemisms, such as Cyclamen balearicum, Smilax aspera balearica or Rhamnus ludovici-salvatoris. Concerning habitats, Pinus halepensis pine forest are found at the lower parts. At higher areas we found Quercus ilex oak tree forests. Vegetation at the highests areas ir mainly bushes, adapted to this rocky and dry environment (i.e.: Teucrium marum).
Some iconic fauna species are present in the area. For example, the black vulture Aegypius monachus (which possibly breed here in ancient times) or the red kite Milvus milvus. Also pine marten Martes martes, genet Genetta genetta, garden dormouse Eliomys quercinus or least weasel Mustela nivalis; and different bat species. Wild goats Capra aegagrus are very common, and can be seen on a continous search of new sprouts.